I've recently been researching captive breeding - as when I was younger I remember having a large Lasius Flavus colony and successfully producing queens. I've found that species of myrmicaine seem to be the easiest to captive breed due to their aggressive nature. With species like Myrmica rubra and Myrmica sabbuleti, I've found that they don't even fly but rather the males just doing on to the queen and 'bear hug' her until they've successfully mated. I've kept Temnothorax in the past up to the point of breeding in an aquarium, they too go through the same mating procedure.
So what am I trying to say?
Well, I think it could be very possible to breed smaller and more aggressive species of ant. And, in some cases, even very large species of ant like pheidologeton, as you can see in the series of videos I've linked these ants don't 'fly' but rather 'bear hug'. I'll be attempting my own captive breeding experiment with a Temnothorax colony I got from AntKit a while back.
Species of ant mating in captivity:
Examples of 'bear hugging':